The content that you make available on your website should be accessible to the widest range of people and devices as possible.
Not everyone accesses the web in the same manner. While an overwhelming portion of those visiting your website may do so with a standard monitor-keyboard-mouse setup, along with a reliable internet connection, there are those who may use a different setup. It is therefore your responsibility to make sure that the information is accessible to individuals regardless of the technology used.
Individuals with visual impairments will often rely on screen readers or magnifiers to read the content you provide. Those with hearing impairments might rely on captioning or transcripts of audio/visual content. A person with a cognitive disability will rely on how you organize your content to better understand the information you are trying to convey.
Accessibility does not just pertain to physical and mental disabilities. Being accessible also means ensuring that, regardless of the technological limitations of your website visitor's device, your information is still available to them. Individuals on slower internet connections, like those who may live in rural areas, depend on your website's ability to load information quickly. This means making sure your pages do not contain large amounts of multimedia, such as superfluous imagery.
Throughout this guide, tips are provided for using the tools in Umbraco to help make sure your content is as accessible as possible. However, keep these general ideas in mind as you begin to prepare your content for your website:
- Is your content organized in a logical manner?
- Keep individual content pages focused on one over-arching concept.
- Structure page content in a logic order.
- Make use of Headings and Subheadings and do so in their proper order to provide an outline to assistive technology.
- Try to ensure that a person can quickly scan a page and get the general idea of what the page is trying to convey.
- Avoid overly-technical jargon, when possible.
- If you have decided to use multimedia on your site, have you provided alternatives to the content expressed in those pieces?
- When adding imagery to your page, make sure you provide Alternative Text describing what is contained in the image.
- Avoid uploading large images that might take a visitor a long time to download. Use image editing software (if available) to reduce images to a reasonable size and optimize the images before uploading.
- If you are using audio or video sources, provide captioning or transcripts, or some other methods of expressing the information contained in the multimedia.